Montessori Sorting Work Toddlers & Preschoolers
Updated: 4 days ago
We have sorting work in each of our classrooms and the children love doing it! Please read through this article to learn the importance of sorting and to get ideas about different materials to sort. Obviously, the toddlers and children who just moved into preschool recently will need help learning how to sort, but the children in preschool will be familiar with it. What will make it interesting for the older children is asking them questions about how they do it. For example, if they are sorting coins, is it by size or color or both? If they are sorting animals, is it by which ones live inside and which ones live outside? Ask them other ways they can sort the same objects. Show them other ways they could sort them. The more ways they find to sort the objects, the more interesting the game of sorting will be.
The Importance of Sorting Activities: Why & How : Montessori & Traditional.
Why Sorting? Children have a natural desire to make sense of their world, to create order in a world that seems largely out of their control. For that reason, sorting activities often attract children. In fact, many children will start sorting things without even being taught. Many parents have likely walked into a room to see their young child putting their blocks or other toys in piles based on color or some other category. Montessori sensorial sorting work takes this inclination a step further, teaching the child to organize their world using all of their senses while also working of course on careful discrimination. So why is all of this so important you may ask? Maybe, for example, your child already knows his colors and his shapes. Outside of the Montessori philosophy (we'll get to that in a moment) why is it so necessary to sort them? Sorting is a beginning math skill. It may seem that a big chunk early math is about learning numbers and quantity, but there's much more to it. By sorting, children understand that things are alike and different as well as that they can belong and be organized into certain groups. Getting practice with sorting at an early age is important for numerical concepts and grouping numbers and sets when they're older. This type of thinking starts them on the path of applying logical thinking to objects, mathematical concepts and every day life in general. Studies have even been shown that kids who are used to comparing and contrasting do better in mathematics later on. I'll talk about the seemingly endless ideas for general sorting in a bit. Maria Montessori's sensorial work uses "sorting" in specific ways that work to use all of the child's senses, one at a time, in order to refine them. The goal is to train the brain to create more organized thoughts and ways of retrieving information. Montessori also recognized how much children appreciated order in their worlds (a large piece of her main philosophy) and how important it was for them to create this order independently. While the works given to the child are teaching them valuable skills, they don't seem to notice what they're learning. It is delightful work for them. Montessori also believed that when children are given a work that uses senses that they hadn't noticed or are new to the child, the learning and awakening that occurs is just as important. What is learned isn't just kept in isolation with a singular work; the child uses the sensory information and intelligence gained and applies it to other areas of his life, furthering his adaptations and experiences within it. Beautiful! The categories formed by Maria Montessori for sensorial works are based on thermic sense (detecting differences in temperature), tactile sense (touch), auditory sense (discriminating sounds), olfactory sense (noticing differences between smells), gustatory sense (refining and discriminating taste), baric sense (refining differences between weight or pressure), stereognostic sense (judging shape and size through touch alone), and the visual sense (detecting similarities and differences using the eyes which also develops muscular sense).
How To Start Sorting To sort, you child needs at least two different types of objects. A younger child will likely require less categories (sorting by two types) while an older child often can handle three, four or more. Some concepts may be more difficult for a young child while others too simple and uninteresting for an older child. Know where the child is and what they're capable of through observation and of course, trial and error. Slowly demonstrating each sort for the child before they try it on their own is important. After observing what you've done, the child is free to try on their own. In Montessori, the child's errors are not corrected by adults, though you should observe to see if the sort will need another demonstration next time the activity is done. The child may not immediately catch their errors, but likely will in time, especially if the work is as self-correcting as possible. This helps the child develop decision making skills and confidence. As long as the child seems eager to try and isn't throwing or abusing the materials (a sign that the work is too hard or too easy), let them work. There is much to be learned from noticing and correction your own errors. As hard as it is not to step in and correct (I struggle with this too), much of the value is lost when an adult intervenes. To mix things up, encourage your child do some of the more tactile works blindfolded. Other sorts can be combined with fine motor work utilizing small object pincer grasp, tongs or tweezers. Your child can put the objects into sorting trays, bowls, cups, egg cartons, divided containers, paper lunch bags or simply line or stack them up. It's suggested, but not necessary, to label each category with a word card. You may discover, especially in the younger child, that your child prefers a certain way of sorting over another. For example my child greatly prefers to sort into some sort of container. Go with what works and attracts your little one! If you wish to make your sorting more Montessori-inspired, be sure to isolate the one category in which the child is to sort by. For example, if the child is to sort by color, make all of the colored objects the same type of object (i.e. just puffballs, not puffballs, M&M's and marshmallows). Trying to use pleasing objects that are wooden, well-made and in good condition are preferred as a way to attract and entice the child. If possible, try to use something new that the child has never come across before in order to expand upon their experiences. Try to keep the sorting containers identical in size, color and shape. Ideas For Sorting What you use for sorting all depends upon the age and ability of the child, as well as their interests. You often don't need to buy anything fancy either! If you have "real" items, such as animal figurines or food, these should typically be used rather than magazine cut-outs or photographs or online games/apps. Sorting which allows the child to use their hands to handle real-life objects is much more beneficial for all-around learning. If using photos (which do have their own importance for pictorial learning), making (link) or purchasing (Montessori Print Shop) nomenclature cards can be extra-beneficial due to their aesthetics and the bonus of the word being printed underneath. First, here are some of the ideas we've implemented in our home so far: Color Baskets Sorting by Warm and Cold with Rocks Sorting Wooden Cubes and Aliens by Color Sorting Shapes Sorting Short and Tall with Straws and Playdough Sorting Animals Sorting Paint Chips Sorting Buttons by Size Sorting Laundry Sorting Coins Sorting Jars by Temperature Sorting Objects by Weight Sorting by Visual Quantity Here are just a small fraction of the many other ways your child can sort: Ideas for items to sort by color: Lacing beads Legos Duplos Puffballs Buttons Dyed macaroni M&M's Colored Marshmallows Crayons Animal counters Poker chips Deck of cards by black/red Sort laundry by lights, darks and whites Pipe Cleaners Garage Sale stickers Socks Ideas for items to sort by shape: Unit blocks Shapes cut from cardboard or paper Ideas for items to sort by size: Puffballs Buttons Sort towels, dishcloths and washcloths Cut pipe cleaners or straws (length) Dowels (width) Socks Clothing (baby, child, adult) Balls Rocks Leaves Ideas for sorting by temperature: After a trip to the store, empty the bags and let the child sort by temperature (freezer, fridge, pantry items) Ideas for sorting by weight: Fill same size containers with different amounts of liquid Choose objects from around the home to sort by heavy/light Ideas for sorting by sound Fill canisters or jars (contents concealed) with various objects (two of each) Fill balloons with different sounding objects (two of each) Ideas for shorting by category: Pictures of Living and Non-living items Different types of seeds or grains Different types of beans, pasta or nuts Types of plants Silverware Types of stuffed animals (cats, teddy bears etc) Water, air or land animals Types of dinosaurs Sort real or plastic food by food groups Sort by a few specific numbers or letters Photos of day and night scenes Sort playing cards by suit Types of toys (puzzles, art, blocks, animals) Sort trail mix contents Healthy food/junk food Food we eat with fingers vs silverware Any kind of stickers Books (animals, numbers, letters, vehicles)
(Copied from Jen at peacefulparenting.blogspot)